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NAB: Kako se je vse začelo ...


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No, tu smo, približujemo se Prikaži NAB! Once again, I will be present, representing Revija Broadcast Beat, Ko sem drsal skozi razstavo, vidim, kaj vidim v vseh najnovejših izdelkih in inovacijah v studiu (oddaja in postprodukcija).

Tudi z vsemi vznemirjenji, ki jih prinaša Show, se kdaj sprašujem, kaj je "NAB" ali kdo "Nacionalno združenje radijskih in televizijskih oddaj"So? Poleg tega, da so gostitelji največje konvencije o industriji na tej zemlji, je NAB veliko in zapleteno telo, ki ga sestavljajo radiodifuzne organizacije, ki zajemajo tako televizijo in radio, kot tudi internet in vse druge oblike prenosa medijev, pa tudi vse druge Industrije, ki jih podpirajo.

120611_national_association_broadcasters_shinkle_605NAB je večplasten v teh dneh, z orožjem, ki se razširi od izobraževanja, raziskav in tehnoloških inovacij (NAB Labs) do zagovorništva (ali zakonodajnih in regulativnih zadev), od postavljanja standardov (in kodeksa o televiziji, tj. "Pečat dobre prakse") do Izredni oddajni sistem (EBS), od spletnih dogodkov do delavnic in konferenc ter vse, kar je vmes. Samo vstopajo spletna stran Vas preplavi s tem, koliko so povezani in koliko se dogajajo.

WOW! I know, right? You are in as much awe as I am, whenever I contemplate the far reach of NAB. But how did it all begin? What are the humble beginnings of NAB and how did they get to where they are today? Read on, and I hope to answer those and other questions you may have about this organization so integral to the broadcast and studio industry.Eugene F. MacDonald

The National Association of Broadcasters is almost as old as broadcasting, itself. Founded in 1922 by Eugene F. McDonald, Ustanovitelj Zenith Corporation, NAB is a private trade association established for the purpose of serving the common needs of the broadcasting industry. It was organized primarily to establish codes of ethics within the broadcast industry by creating guidelines for self-regulation (originally it was known as the National Association of Radio Broadcasters; it changed its name to the National Association of Radio and Television Broadcasters in 1951, when it absorbed the Television Broadcasters Association; it again changed its name to the National Association of Broadcasters in 1958).

The government was not having any of this “self-regulation” and so it got into the act itself. Akt o komunikacijah 1934 became the first comprehensive legislation to regulate communication (both wire and wireless). Broadcasting was considered interstate commerce, for which Congress had the authority to control under the U.S. Constitution (Article I, Section 8), and broadcast messages were granted First Amendment protection. Broadcasting was recognized as a unique form of communication that would require a different regulatory framework than that of common carriers such as telephony and telegraphy. All of this was then packaged with the philosophy that the broadcast media should serve the public interest, convenience, and necessity. The 1934 act created the FCC, Ki je bila zadolžena za to, da so izdajatelji televizijskega programa delovali v javnem interesu, udobju in nujnosti.

Louis_bebe_barron_greenwich_village_studio

V maju 1, 1955, članstvo v NARB vključujejo postaje 1,234 AM (amplitudna modulacija), postaje 327 FM (frekvenčna modulacija) in nacionalne radijske mreže 3, radijski sistem Columbia, sistem medsebojnega radiodifuznega oddajanja in National Broadcasting Co., Inc. Na televizijski fronti Nacionalno združenje radijskih in televizijskih oddajnikov je imelo televizijske postaje 267 kot člane in vse nacionalne televizijske mreže 4, Ameriško radiodifuzno podjetje, Columbia Broadcasting System, DuMont Television Network in National Broadcasting Co., Inc. (Vir: Odbor senata o Sodstvo, Pododbor za preiskovanje mladoletniškega prestopništva, Televizija in mladoletniško prestopništvo, Vmesno poročilo, 1955, odbor za tiskanje.)

Televizijska kodaPo ustanovitvi je Nacionalna zveza radijskih zvez v 1929-u uvedla radijski kodeks in kasneje, kot je zahtevala tehnologija, televizijski kodeks v 1952 (v svoji knjigi je Leo Bogart opozoril, da se je televizijsko oddajanje hitro razvilo pod okriljem glavnih radijskih omrežij, ki so investirali Milijone dolarjev v ... podjetju (Bogart, Starost televizije, Str. 9, 1956)).

However, both codes were discontinued in 1982 following an antitrust suit initiated by the Department of Justice that was designed to address advertising rate setting, determining a violation of the Sherman Antitrust Act (15 U.S.C. § 1 (1976)). Broadcasting companies were neither forced to belong to NAB nor follow the codes it established, despite these being recognized as XCHARXstandards of good practiceXCHARX by the FCC, which also did not establish public rules in areas covered by the codes.

NAB "gre v palico" za javnost, ki dobesedno poskuša vzdrževati radiodifuzne standarde in ohranjati vse 8679-2_NAB_logos_csbroadcasting on an even keel. Over the years, NAB has been involved in numerous lawsuits, usually appearing as amicus curiae, or “a friend of the court” as having a strong interest in or views on the subject matter of an action, but not an official party to the action. Their views have helped shape the legal landscape in regards to the entire industry (which encompasses broadcast, post-production multimedia In telekomunikacijska strojna oprema, programska oprema in storitve).

Poleg lobiranja in vložitve pravnih postopkov NAB svojim članom zagotavlja tudi druge ugodnosti, vključno z raziskovalno knjižnico, ki vsebuje več kot deset tisoč knjig, osebje, ki vključuje strokovnjake na področju znanosti in tehnologije ter raziskave in načrtovanje ter mesečno glasilo članom (NAB World), Kot tudi tedenske publikacije RadioWeek in TV National_Association_of_Broadcasters_headquartersdanes.

In addition, NAB started NAB Education Foundation, so that it could educate citizens in the United States about the principles of free speech and other topics concerning the industry. The foundation conducts research and education activities on issues such as first amendment rights relating to program content, editorial opinions, and commercial speech. And let us not forget the aforementioned yearly conventions, which draw over 100,000 professionals and are the leading source of information, networking and technological showcases in the United States!

YouXCHARXll find the main headquarters of NAB (where else?) in Washington D.C., where it continues its ever-vigilant watch over the airwaves and leads the march for fairness within the broadcasting industry. As of November 1, 2009, the president and CEO of NAB is Gordon H. Smith, Nekdanji senator Združenih držav iz Oregona.

NAB is the premier advocacy association for America’s broadcasters, and we have a long history of advancing radio and television interests in Washington,” said NAB President and CEO Gordon H. Smith. Our mission has been and remains to support broadcaster’s ability to serve local communities, strengthen their businesses and seize new opportunities. Through Prikaži NAB In druge pobude, kot so NAB Labs, spodbujamo inovacije in s tem spodbujamo svetlo prihodnost industrije.

Več o NAB lahko najdete na spletni strani: Www.nab.org.


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Ryan Salazar

Editor-in-Chief, Publisher at Broadcast Beat Magazine, LLC.
Ryan je začel delati v industriji predvajanja in postprodukcije v mladosti dvanajstih let! Izdelal je televizijske programe, zgradil velike post-produkcijske objekte, napisal za nekatere vodilne publikacije v industriji in bil avdio inženir že približno deset let. Ryan je prej pisal za Broadcast Engineering Magazine, Creative COW in njegovi projekti so bili predstavljeni v več desetih publikacijah.
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